The tubal litigation, or female sterilization, is a surgical procedure which blocks off the fallopian tubes and hence stops the eggs from the uterus from reaching the ovary. This blockage will also hinder the sperms on their way to the fallopian tube. The tuba ligation operation is about the doctor cutting or blocking the tubes, very similar to the male vasectomy operation. The ligation will work immediately and it has an efficiency rate near 100%. It does not however offer any protection against the transfer of STD’s or HIV, such as a normal condom would.
The general aim in performing a femail sterilization is for it to be permanent. Most patients are also quite ok with this and few tries to have it reversed. There is a small frequency though of second thoughts later and patients wanting to go back to being fertile again. A tuba litigation can be reversed via surgery in some cases, however not in all cases. It will depend on what the original type of procedure was. For tubal ligation reversal purposes, the Falope ring, or the Pomeroy procedure are the best. If the original sterilization was performed withsalpingectomy or cautery, there is little possibility of reversing the tuba litigation.
After a tuba ligation, the woman is still as sexually able as before and there is little, or none at all, change in hormonal levels and the cycle of periods. There will still be eggs released, they will be blocked in the tubes and later absorbed back into the body, much like how the sperms are handled in a man after a visectomy.
Why have a tubal ligation:
- A tubal ligation has a very high efficiency rate
- Works immediately
- Permanent birth control
- There is no requirement to do anything further, as with other contraceptives
Why not have a tubal ligation:
- The operation will not help against STD’s
- Surgery is required
- Normal surgical risks are associated
- The tubal ligation is slightly more complex than a male vesectomy
- Reversing a tubal litigation may not work
The ligation operation is made at your doctor’s office and it is fairly simple as surgery goes. The operation is performed under local anesthesia normally, but a general anesthesia can also be used. There may be a queue to this type of operation, it may take you some time (months) to get an appointment. The younger you are, the more reluctant most doctors will be. The tubal litigation (ligation) is a permanent surgery but it is possible to reverse it (tubal litigtion reversal).